For the study, published in Physica magazine A, the team examined the results of the regular phase of the ACB league 14 (between 1996 and 2010) and 18 of the NBA (1992 to 2010)
The competition between NBA teams is more constant throughout the seasons in Endesa, which also falls after each edition of the Olympic Games League.
According to a study by the University of Las Palmas, the differences may be due to economic and organizational reasons: the NBA there is only one division, there is a salary cap and the weaker teams have access to good players.
The fact that the NBA is a closed league without promotions or demotions as in Spanish, can be one of the factors that explain this behavior. “The ACB is open and less powerful computers less competitive globality” says Juan Manuel Martin, Department of Physics and member of the team that analyzed the results of the two leagues.
The authors also highlight the major budgetary differences of Spanish clubs, high economic dependence in some cases with public institutions and the high volatility of their workforces as other possible causes besides that some have several -Basketball sections, football and handball by example and not every year equally distributed resources.
“But what really draws attention in the Spanish league, and although desconozcamos causes, is that a decline in competitiveness every four years, just after the celebration of the Olympic Games occurs,” notes Martin.
The business model is NBA franchise type, where each team has rights over players. The operation of the salary cap and the draft -sorteo in which weak teams in a season are the first to choose from the following candidates from American universities and foreign- leagues requires each franchise to study what to choose and what to shield players economically.
NBA imposes measures to prevent only teams with great benefits can sign the best players.
City: Madrid, Spain