García-Manso, J.M., Rodríguez-Ruiz, D., Rodríguez-Matoso, D., de Saá, Y., Sarmiento, S., Quiroga, M.E. Journal of Sport Sciences. 2010. 24 (9), 2316–2321.
In this study, we used tensiomyography (TMG) to assess muscle status immediately after an ultra-endurance triathlon. Maximal radial displacement or deformation of the muscle belly, contraction time, delay time, sustain time, and relaxation time were measured for both legs, and dependent t-tests were used to compare means between the beginning and end of the race. The 19 men assessed (age 37.9+7.1 years; height 177.5+4.6 cm; weight: 73.6+6.5 kg) participated in the 2009 edition of the Lanzarote Ironman. Deterioration in the neural response was observed for contraction time (P¼0.008) and relaxation time (P¼0.011), with a moderate decrease in the response time (sustain time) and a loss in muscle stiffness (deformation of the muscle belly). The effect of muscle fatigue on the rectus femoris and biceps femoris was different. Barely any changes in contraction time, relaxation time, sustain time, and deformation of the muscle belly were observed, while only the contraction response time decreased to a significant extent (reduction in delay time; P¼0.003). The considerable loss in contractile capacity induced by a long-distance race was reflected in changes in the neuromuscular response and fluctuations in the contractile capacity of the muscle. These modifications, derived from a prolonged, exhausting effort, can be assessed in a simple, non-aggressive, non-invasive way using tensiomyography.
Keywords: Tensiomyography, Ironman, long-distance race, neuromuscular fatigue, mechanical characteristics of muscle